Hire employees in Egypt, without a local subsidiary
Egypt has a rich history and culture, and possesses one of the strongest economies in Africa. For these reasons and more, many foreign businesses look to expand their operations into the country.
However, Egypt’s unique employment laws and bureaucracy can present difficulties for businesses trying to expand. The language barrier is a hurdle for some, but you will also need to deal with complex business and employment legislation, drawn-out administrative procedures, and more.
At Horizons, we specialize in helping organizations expand internationally, including into Egypt. Our professional employer organization (PEO) solution provides everything necessary to hire employees in Egpt,
With a dedicated in-house recruitment team, we can also help you to find, hire, and onboard new employees in Egypt.
Our outsourcing services could cut your expansion costs by thousands of dollars and give you greater flexibility for your Egypt expansion.
How can our Egypt PEO simplify your expansion?
Horizons enables you to rapidly expand into Egypt, even if you don’t have an Egyptian subsidiary.
Hiring in Egypt: Employment law overview
📝 Egypt employment contracts
It is legally required for all employers in Egypt to provide a written employment contract for every employee. These contracts need to be written in the country’s official language of Arabic, use the currency of the Egyptian pound, and include any relevant details such as working hours, compensation, benefits, and so on.
⏰ Working hours in Egypt
A normal working week in Egypt is 40 hours, with Friday and Saturday as rest days.
📅 Public holidays in Egypt
Egypt Public Holiday
Revolution Day January 25
Coptic Easter Sunday
Sham El Nessim
Sinai Liberation Day
1 May-2 May
24 May-28 May
End of Ramadan
Revolution Day June 30
Revolution Day July 23
31 Jul-3 Aug
Eid Al Adha
🏖 Vacation in Egypt
Employees in Egypt who have worked for their employer for at least six months can generally take 21 days of paid vacation leave per year. If they have 10 years with an employer, or are over the age of 50, then they are entitled to one month (30 days) of leave. After five years of service, employees are also entitled to a one-off month of religious leave for pilgrimages.
😷 Sick leave in Egypt
Employees in Egypt are entitled to six months of paid sick leave, compensated at a rate of at least 75% of their normal salary or wage.
👶 Maternity and paternity leave in Egypt
Female employees in Egypt are entitled to three months (90 days) of paid maternity leave. Generally, this can only be used twice in a five-year period.
💰 Employee severance and terminations in Egypt
When terminating employees in Egypt, the case must be taken to the Ministry of Manpower and Migration, which has 15 days to make a decision. The decision can also be contested by the employee.
Employees are also entitled to a notice period prior to termination, which varies depending on their length of service. For those with under ten years of experience, there is a mandatory 60-day notice period. For those with more than ten years of service, the minimum is 90 days.
Probation periods in Egypt are limited to three months.
🏦 Taxation in Egypt
In Egypt, both employees and employers must contribute to social security, and the contributions vary depending on salary. For employers, the contribution is either 24% or 26% of salary, and for employees, it is either 11% or 14%.
Income tax in Egypt is progressive, and the rates are between 0% and 25%, depending on income level.
Corporate tax in Egypt is 22.5%.
🏥 Health insurance in Egypt
Egyptians receive free medical care, so employees do not need to provide private insurance.
💳 Egypt compensations & benefits
Compensation laws in Egypt
The minimum wage in Egypt is 2,000 Egyptian pounds per month for full-time workers.
Benefit management in Egypt
Setting up your Egyptian benefits system can be a confusing process if you are not familiar with the complex labor laws, language, and cultural differences, so it is common to encounter delays.
Horizons can help you avoid this complex part of your Egyptian expansion, saving you time and money and simplifying the entire process. Our team will offer advice and outsourcing of your benefit system setup and management, freeing you to focus on the rest of your expansion.