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Social security in Spain.

Learn about social security in Spain thanks to Horizons’ up-to-date guide.

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Social security in Spain – Overview

Both employers and employees must pay social security contributions in Spain. Employer social security costs are relatively high in Spain, and the benefits provided to Spanish citizens is considered good.

What does the social security system in Spain cover?

The social security/social insurance program in Spain covers the following:

  • Healthcare
  • Sick leave, paternity/maternity leave 
  • Inability to work 
  • Unemployment (el paro) 
  • Public Pension

To qualify for the benefits, employees must have paid into the system for at least 180 days in the last five years. To retire with the Spanish state pension, employees must have paid into the Spanish social security system for a minimum of 15 years.

What are the mandatory contributions for employees to social security in Spain?

For employees, the average contribution is around 6.36% of salary (as of Jan 2021).

What are the mandatory contributions for employers to social security in Spain?

For employers, the total mandatory social security contribution is at least 32.1% of employees’ salaries (up to a maximum of just over €3,500 per month). It can be more if the work is considered risky according to the employment law of Spain.

How do mandatory contributions compare to the surrounding countries?

Mandatory contributions for employers in Spain is approximately 32.1% of the employee’s salary. In Portugal, the mandatory contribution is much lower for employers at 11% of the employee’s salary. In France, the minimum mandatory contribution is higher, at 42% of the employee’s salary.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ):

Employers in Spain must contribute 32.1% of employees’ salaries (max. €3,500 per month) to social security in Spain.

The social security system in Spain covers the following situations:

  • Healthcare
  • Sick leave, paternity/maternity leave 
  • Inability to work 
  • Unemployment (el paro) 
  • Public Pension

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